As a barometer of economic development, electricity demand growth across the country has also entered a "shift period", that is, from the past high-speed or even double-digit growth into a medium growth period of 4% - 6%.
China has entered a new normal of economic development, a new stage of ecological civilization construction and a new era of energy production and consumption revolution. To promote the revolution of power consumption, supply, technology and system, increase the proportion of electric energy in terminal energy consumption, improve energy efficiency, actively and orderly promote the green transformation of energy, increase the proportion of non fossil energy power generation, optimize the power generation structure of non fossil energy, steadily promote the clean and efficient development of fossil energy power generation, and provide affordable, safe and green power for economic and social development It is an important subject of electric power development and Reform in the future.
Social power consumption enters a medium growth period
General secretary Xi Jinping first put forward the new normal of China's economy in May this year, and in November 9th, at the opening ceremony of the **** summit, he identified three main characteristics of the new normal: first, from high-speed growth to medium and high speed growth; Second, the economic structure has been continuously optimized and upgraded, the tertiary industry and consumption demand have gradually become the main body, the regional gap between urban and rural areas has gradually narrowed, the proportion of residents' income has increased, and the development achievements have benefited more people; third, from factor driven and investment driven to innovation driven.
As a barometer of economic development, electricity demand growth across the country has also entered a "shift period", that is, from high-speed or even double-digit growth in the past to a medium growth period of 4% - 6%, and will enter a low-speed or even low-speed growth period in the future. In the first 10 years of the new century, the average annual growth of electricity consumption in the whole society is about 12%. In the first three years of the 12th Five Year Plan period, the average annual growth rate of electricity consumption is about 8.4%. In 2014, the power consumption is expected to increase by 3.5% ~ 4.0%, and it is expected to increase by 4.5% ~ 5.5% in 2015. In the 13th Five Year Plan period, the growth rate of electricity consumption is expected to be 5% - 6%, or even slightly lower. The eastern region will still be the national power load center, but the growth rate of electricity consumption and its proportion in the whole country will gradually decline. After the five-year cultivation period of western development, the growth rate of power consumption in the western region will start to grow after 2005, and will become the leader and locomotive of future power consumption growth.
Future: green and intelligent
Over the past hundred years, industrial civilization has created unprecedented economic miracle and accumulated huge material wealth. At the same time, it has also brought many challenges to the sustainable development of human society, such as energy shortage, resource shortage, ecological degradation, environmental deterioration, climate change, frequent disasters, etc. objectively, it is necessary to deepen the reform of ecological civilization system and accelerate the establishment of ecological civilization system To promote the revolution of energy consumption, energy supply, energy technology and energy system, increase the proportion of electric energy in terminal energy consumption, improve energy efficiency, actively and orderly promote the green transformation of energy, increase the proportion of non fossil energy, optimize the structure of non fossil energy, steadily promote the clean and efficient development of fossil energy, improve the ecological environment, and realize the green development of energy security and economy.
The development and utilization of non fossil energy is mainly realized through power generation conversion. Increasing the proportion of electric energy in terminal energy consumption is more conducive to efficiency improvement, energy saving and emission reduction, and the power centered energy development has become increasingly prominent. It has entered the era of green technology and green technology.